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Opiates encompass a huge variety of drugs ranging from morphine, codeine, fentanyl to illegal drugs like opium and heroin. The term opiates is used to refer to the compounds derived from the opium poppy plant whereas the term opioid refers to the semisynthetic versions of opiates. Both opiates and opioids are used interchangeably. Some examples of opioid drugs include heroin, morphine, oxycodone, hydrocodone, codeine, and fentanyl.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 130 people succumb to opioid overdose every day. More than 700,000 people died due to drug overdoses from 1999 to 2017 and 68 percent of these deaths involved opioids. In comparison to 1999, in 2017, the number of overdose related deaths involving opioids was six times higher.

Prescription Opioid Abuse

Prescription opioids are drugs prescribed for the management of moderate to severe pain following a surgery, injury or for cancer. In the last few years, there has been a surge in the use of these drugs nationwide for the use of non-cancerous ailments like back pain and osteoarthritis, despite associated risks. In 2017, more than 191 million opioid prescriptions were written across the United States, in which the most commonly prescribed drugs were oxycodone, methadone and hydrocodone.

According to research, there are certain risk factors which make people susceptible to opioid use and abuse. Some of these include:

  • Getting overlapping prescriptions from multiple pharmacies and doctors
  • Living in a rural area
  • Taking frequent or high doses of opioids
  • Having a psychiatric problem or alcohol/substance abuse

Side Effects of Prescription Opioids

Even when taken as directed, the use of prescription opioids is related to a plethora of side effects like:

  • Sleepiness
  • Dizziness
  • Tolerance, when more dose is required to produce the same effects
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Dry mouth
  • Physical dependence
  • Increased sensitivity to pain
  • Constipation
  • Itching
  • Sweating
  • Lowered levels of testosterone that can cause diminished sex drive

The long-term effects of opioid abuse are compromised immune system functioning and troublesome (constipation) to serious gastric problems (intestinal ileus and bowel perforation). Intravenous administration is also associated with multiple problems like embolic events, systemic infections, localized abscesses, and blood borne illnesses. Other long-term effects include respiratory depression and cumulative hypoxic and end organ damage.

Opioid Abuse Treatment

An opioid recovery program generally depends on the type of opioid abused, duration of abuse, time elapsed since last dose, and the source of the dose. The usual components of a recovery program include detoxification, inpatient rehabilitation, and an outpatient program. The detoxification involves tapering the drug dose using stabilizing and maintenance drugs under the supervision of a skilled medical team. When detoxing from serious and powerful opioids, one might be administered with buprenorphine or methadone to ease the withdrawal process. The detoxification is generally an inpatient program.

Once the detoxification is over, most of the patients are guided for continued treatment in the form of a residential or an outpatient rehab program. The choice of program depends on a number of factors like the type of drug abused, the duration of abuse, availability of housing or family support, insurance coverage, etc. A rehab program involves a stay of 30 to 90 days and it is majorly focused on individual therapy, group therapy, alternative therapy, and brain wellness therapy, among others. The therapy involves sessions with the counselor which can prove to be helpful in identifying the triggers and learning relevant and effective coping mechanisms.

Why Choose ADEONA Healthcare?

ADEONA Healthcare of Rancho San Diego is the leading center in treating opioid addiction and abuse through an integrated approach. Our experienced and trained staff can help teens, aged 12-17, break the addiction cycle and regain control of their life. Our philosophy is not simply We do not follow the one-mold  size-fits-all approach and but rather a customized the treatment plan for each and every one of our teen patients. This helps address the specific psychological and pharmacological needs of each patient, maximizing the chances of a quick and lasting recovery.

Teens are young and vulnerable and the process of achieving recovery in a rehab may prove to be a roller-coaster of emotions for them. Therefore, the right tools and support from trained health care workers can enable them to combat their addictive habits by learning to reduce cravings and making healthy lifestyle choices.

To know more about ADEONA Healthcare’s adolescent opioid treatment programs, call our 24/7 helpline (888) 997-3966 and speak to a member of our admissions team. You can also chat online with a representative to understand how our opioid treatment program would work for the benefit of your teen.

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